Growing plants indoor is very tricky. Growers have to do their best in recreating the natural environment for the plants, which at times can be a challenging thing to do. Sometimes, despite doing your best, and providing all the apparent needs of the plants, you may find them dying out or not growing to begin with. This can be extremely frustrating and a waste of time, resources and money.
What most people don’t realize is that by just giving plants light, water and nutrients, you cannot push them to grow in a synthetic environment. Every plant has different requirements that are a result of a series of adaptations made according to their natural environment. Also, there are numerous other factors that may come in the way of a successful harvest. Here are some subtle or apparent reasons why your plants maybe constantly dying out:
The quantity of water:
The amount of water required by plants varies, however there are some general rules that you need to abide by. First of all, moderation is the key while watering the plants. This means that you must only provide the amount of water that is required by the plants. Just like humans, plants have natural way to release excess water. However, too much water can have a very damaging effect and can lead to cell lysis. Having too much water in the soil will stop the oxygen from reaching the plants. On the other hand, providing very little water may lead to dehydration in the plants. You need to make sure that you are giving the right quantity of water and that your plants are indeed taking in what they need.
Giving the right nutrients:
Yellow, dry and withering plants are an indication of nutrient deficient plants. However, by giving plants the right nutrients you be able to revive them. Before you do that, first understand what nutrients are required by plants. Mainly, plants require nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium. These macronutrients may be extracted from a general fertilizer. While these are the main nutrients required by the plants, there are other nutrients that can be added to increase growth and yield. Plants, just like animals, require other nutrients to carry out various biochemical processes and to develop immunity. Secondary nutrients required by plants are magnesium, sulfur and calcium. Additional nutrients for healthy plants are copper, boron, nickel, zinc and chloride. If your plants keep wilting even if you provide the three main nutrients, they might be requiring some additional nutrients.
Using the correct light:
Grow lights are a very important factor in growing plants indoors. Just using any light won’t do any good for your plants. You need to make sure that the light you’re using is giving your plants the required spectrum and are not damaging them. Many people use HID lights in their indoor gardens. While these lights may give a full spectrum, they also produce a lot of heat, which hurts the plants. Also, the internal circadian rhythm of the plants can be disrupted if there is excess heat. Try using the G8LED grow lights in your grow room. These lights produce little heat and are tailored to provide the exact wavelength of light required by the plants, resulting in healthy plant growth and quality yields.
The air quality is not maintained:
If you are doing all of the above and your plants are still dying then you may check the air quality of your room. In a natural environment, the moving wind can carry away mold spores and other pathogens hence reducing the chance of a pathogen attack. While outdoor plants are not free of a pathogen attack, the moving air really helps. In an indoor environment, the air in your grow room should not become stagnant. This stagnant air allows fungi and other pathogens to thrive. To avoid that, install air purifiers and fans in your room so that the air is circulated and filtered.
While indoor gardening maybe frustrating at times, if you keep a check of all the essential factors and keep a check on any subtle signs, you will become successful in your indoor garden.